The Celtic Rainforests of Scotland,
also known as Atlantic woodlands,
form part of the wider
western Atlantic woodlands of the UK.
They are a habitat known as ‘temperate rainforest’. Temperate rainforest is a rare habitat worldwide
- rarer even than tropical rainforests!
These mainly coastal forests
have a special 'oceanic' climate,
which is very wet and mild, due to landscape
and warm ocean currents.
The combination of high rainfall
and stable mild temperature
makes the woodlands very humid
which allows for the growth
of some really special residents –
the lichen, mosses and liverworts, fungi and ferns.
It is these species
that really make the Celtic Rainforests
what they are.
Not only do they help maintain the humidity
in the forest
but they also give the forests
that mysterious and magical feel.
meetimg some of these forest residents along the way.
Beyond Britain and Ireland coastal temperate rainforests, like our Celtic Rainforest,
are found mainly in the redwood forests
of western North America, the beech forests of western Chile, in south-east Australia, New Zealand,
south-western Japan and Taiwan.
In Scotland they are mainly situated
along the west coast.